Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans

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Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for Elizabeth Douglas

the 1 last update 2020/07/11 CEO, wikiHow CEO, wikiHow

Co-authored by wikiHow Staff | References | References

Updated: June 11, 2019 | References

Part 3 of 5:
Using the Plan

  1. 1
    Follow your plan exactly. It’s easy make mistakes when building a brick oven. These mistakes can lead to cracking, collapsing, or bad insulation. If you follow your plan, you will avoid making these mistakes. Resist the urge to cut corners or improvise. If you do, you may undo all of your hard work.
  2. 2
    Understand basic woodworking techniques. Your plan may ask you to build wooden templates. If so, you will need to know how to use basic woodworking tools. Some basic tools include:
    • A circular saw, to cut straight pieces of wood
    • A jigsaw, for cutting shapes in wood
    • A power drill, to drive screws into pieces of wood
    • A level
  3. 3
    Use the correct types of brick. Your plan will ask for several different kinds of bricks. It may be tempting to ignore their recommendations and use the cheapest or most readily available bricks. However, each brick type has an important function that will extend the life of your oven. For example:
    • Firebricks are used to line the interior of the oven. These bricks resist crumbling caused by heat and can withstand high temperatures.
    • Red clay bricks are usually used on the exterior of the oven. These bricks help insulate the firebricks and are somewhat heat resistant as well. [8]
    • Other brick types, such as concrete blocks, may be used for the base of the oven. These are chosen for their durability and stability.
  4. 4
    Use the proper mortar. Usually, when you build a structure from brick, you use a concrete mixture to hold the bricks together. However, if you use this to connect the bricks in your oven, the concrete may cause the bricks to crack as they expand from the heat. Instead, use a mixture of clay and sand to cement your bricks together. This mixture will expand and contract at the same rate as the bricks.
    • Follow the ratios in your brick oven plan. Usually, the plan will ask you to mix six parts of clay to four parts of sand.[9]
    • For advice on bricklaying, talk to a representative from your local home improvement store. They can direct you towards the proper tools and equipment.
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Part Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for the 1 last update 2020/07/11 44 of 5:
Constructing the Brick Oven

  1. 1
    Build an oven stand. Use concrete blocks to create a stand for your oven. Lay the first layer down in a square shape with an opening at the front. Use a level to make sure that the layer is even. Continue laying concrete bricks until the oven stand is about waist-high.
    • Once the concrete blocks have been stacked, fill every other core with concrete to cement everything together.[10]
    • The space inside the oven stand can be used to store firewood.
  2. 2
    Construct a hearth. Create a wooden concrete form in the shape of your hearth. Next, place the wooden form on the oven stand and fill it with concrete. Use a long, straight piece of wood to level off the concrete and let it dry for a few days.
    • Install a rebar grid into the wooden form before pouring the concrete for additional support.[11]
  3. 3
    Line the hearth with firebricks. Set a layer of firebricks using the intended shape of the oven as a guide. Connect them with a thin paste made of one part sand and one part fire clay. Add water until the mixture becomes a thick slurry.[12]
    • Avoid the temptation to use mortar to connect the firebricks. Mortar won’t expand and contract with the bricks and will eventually crack them.
  4. 4
    Create the oven dome. Lay down firebricks in a circular shape to create the walls of the oven. As you build, slowly angle the layers inwards to create a dome shape. You may need to cut the bricks into smaller pieces using a tile saw.[13]
    • Let the sand and clay paste dry on each layer before continuing.
    • Leave a space open near the back of the dome. This will allow the smoke to vent into a chimney.
  5. 5
    Build a chimney. Surround the opening at the back of the dome with a layer of firebricks. Stack the bricks in a square shape to create a tall chimney. The smoke inside the oven will vent out of the space in the back and the chimney will direct it into the air.[14]
    • You can also create a chimney base with the firebricks and then purchase a tall, metal chimney flute. Attach the flute with mortar.
  6. 6
    Create the oven entrance. Use red clay bricks to create an oven entrance. This is where you will add firewood and insert food. Traditionally, brick oven entrances are built into an arch shape. However, you can also make a square shaped entrance if you’d like.[15]
    • Use mortar to connect the red clay bricks.
    • You can create an oven door out of wood or simply use loose bricks to block it off when necessary. Keep in mind that closing off your fire during use will cut off oxygen and cool the oven, or even extinguish it.
  7. 7
    Cover the oven with insulation. Cover the entire oven with a thick layer of vermiculite-based insulating concrete.[16] Let the concrete insulation dry according to the manufacturer instructions. Once it’s dry, add a layer of red clay bricks around the oven to give it a traditional appearance.
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Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for
Part 5 of for 1 last update 2020/07/11 5: of 5:
Using the Oven

  1. 1
    Review your brick oven plan. Your oven plan will tell you where and how to build a fire inside your brick oven. Make sure you thoroughly understand the process before you try to build a fire. If you try to cook without reading the instructions, you may burn or undercook your food.
  2. 2
    Purchase an infrared thermometer. Different foods require different cooking temperatures. Seasoned brick oven experts can tell what temperature an oven is by looking into it. However, if you’re unexperienced, you need to purchase an infrared thermometer. This tool can be pricy, but it’s an important investment in your cooking experience.[17]
    • Follow the manufacturer instructions when using an infrared thermometer.
  3. 3
    Cook pizzas. Make delicious pizzas in your brick oven using the Fire-in-the-Oven method. First, build a large fire in your brick oven. Let the fire build until the flames are licking the top of the oven. Next, push the fire to the back of the oven to clear a space for your pizza.[18] Lay your pizza directly on the brick and cook it with the oven open for 1 to 3 minutes.[19]
    • The oven needs to be 650 to 700 degrees Fahrenheit (343-371 degrees Celsius) to properly cook a pizza.
    • You may need to add more wood every 15-20 minutes to maintain the flame.
  4. 4
    Make a roast overnight. Add wood to your oven and create a large, slow-burning fire. Once the oven has reached 500 degrees Fahrenheit (260 degrees Celsius,) your oven is ready for a roast. First, carefully rake out the coals onto the ground, killing the fire. Next, place the roast in the oven and close the door. The residual heat from the fire will slowly cook the roast overnight.[20]
    • This method works best with larger cuts of meat.
    • The roast should be in a pan and wrapped with foil.
  5. 5
    Bake conventional dishes. You can use your oven to bake at temperatures below 500 degrees Fahrenheit (260 degrees Celsius.) First, build a fire in your oven. Once it reaches the right temperature, rake out the coals to kill the fire. Place your dish in the oven and close the door. The residual heat in the oven will cook the food.[21]
    • This method works well for bread, desserts, beans, and pasta dishes. Bread can be placed directly on the brick while other dishes should be cooked in an oven safe pan.
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      References

      1. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/starting-the-oven-dome/
      2. http://slice.seriouseats.com/archives/2011/10/slice-over-a-barrel.html
      3. http://myoutdoorplans.com/pizza-oven/outdoor-pizza-oven-plans-2/
      4. http://www.troybilt.com/equipment/troybilt/knowledge-center/tips-and-tricks/garden-tiller-operation-tips
      5. Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/foundation-slab/
      6. http://www.familyhandyman.com/masonry/pouring-concrete/form-and-pour-a-concrete-slab/view-all
      7. http://www.familyhandyman.com/masonry/pouring-concrete/form-and-pour-a-concrete-slab/view-all
      8. Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/brick-primer/ https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/brick-primer/
      9. http://myoutdoorplans.com/pizza-oven/outdoor-pizza-oven-plans-2/ http://myoutdoorplans.com/pizza-oven/outdoor-pizza-oven-plans-2/
      More References (12)
      1. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/concrete-block-stand/ https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/concrete-block-stand/
      2. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/insulating-hearth/
      3. Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for https://www.fornobravo.com/brick-oven-cooking/cooking-surface/
      4. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/starting-the-oven-dome/
      5. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/chimney/
      6. https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/oven-vent/
      7. Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for https://www.fornobravo.com/pompeii-oven/oven-insulation/
      8. Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for http://blog2.thermoworks.com/2016/08/pizza-ovens-thermal-powerhouses/
      9. https://www.fornobravo.com/brick-oven-cooking/brick-oven-cooking-techniques/
      10. http://www.traditionaloven.com/cooking.html
      11. http://www.ozarkdreams.com/cooking-roasting.htm
      12. https://www.fornobravo.com/brick-oven-cooking/brick-oven-cooking-techniques/

      About This Article

      Co-Authored By:
      wikiHow Staff Editor
      This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Together, they cited information from 21 references.
      42 votes - 90%
      Co-authors: 14
      Updated: June 11, 2019
      Views: 252,375
      Categories: Ovens | Brickwork and Stone Masonry
      Article SummaryX

      To make a brick oven, begin by digging out and pouring a concrete foundation to give your oven a stable base. Next, build a square stand out of stacked concrete blocks and use a mixture of clay and sand to cement them together. Then, build a wooden frame for the hearth on top of the stand and fill it with concrete. When it’s dry, line the hearth with firebricks and create an oven dome over the top. Finally, build a tall chimney with more firebricks to vent the smoke from the oven. For tips on how to cook pizza and other foods in your brick oven, read on!

      Did this summary help you?

      In other languages
      Español:hacer un horno de ladrillo
      Italiano:Costruire un Forno di Mattoni
      Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Planshow to Gun Cabinet Woodworking Free Plans for Русский:построиь печь из кирпича
      Português:Construir um Forno de Tijolo
      Deutsch:Einen Steinofen bauen
      Français:fabriquer un four en briques
      العربية:بناء فرن من الطوب
      Bahasa Indonesia:Membuat Oven dari Batu Bata
      Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 252,375 times.

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